A new study suggests Canadians can expect to see a gradual increase in winter precipitation and hotter heat waves in the coming years. Environment and Climate Change Canada recently conducted and published a study that emphasized how drastically Canada's climate change has impacted the country since 1948.  According to the report, Canada is heating up three times faster than the US. The report also states that it is "virtually certain" that Canada's climate has become warmer in the past 70 years, with the vast majority of the increase in Canada's temperature contributed by human activity.

The study found that each year, Canada's temperature across the country increases by an average of 1.7°C.  The country's northern provinces experience amplified climate change effects and have recorded a 2.3°C mean annual temperature increase, Forbes points out.  The United States, on the other hand, has a relatively low warming rate.  According to NASA, the U.S. heats up approximately 0.56°C and 0.8°C each year on average.

The discrepancies in temperature increases between Canada and the United States is aligned with the following idea: higher latitudes are warming significantly faster than lower latitudes.  Based on scientific research, this could be caused by the observed slow down of global ocean circulation that pushes warm tropical waters up north.

Numerous environmental risks have become exacerbated by the gradual rise in temperatures in Canada.  Although total precipitation throughout the year has increased, rainfall during the summer months has decreased, Canada's Changing Climate Report points out.  The results of the study also concluded that summer droughts, wildfires, and coastal flooding all are affected by the warming of Canadian climate.

The study also reported shocking news that by the end of the 21st century, 74% to 96% of Canada's glaciers will have melted, resulting in coastal flooding and destruction of animal habitats.

There is one piece of good news for Canadians, though.  The agricultural industries of northern countries, including Canada, will benefit from a longer and warmer growing season.  All ice - whether in the form of sea ice, glaciers, permafrost, or snowfall - will gradually disappear more and more with every decade, ultimately propagating a tremendous evolution in northern Canada's landscape, accessibility, and ecosystem.

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