How long does winter last in Canada? For those who hate the season, it can feel like an eternity. The dead of winter in Canada comes later for some parts of the country than it does for others.

Environment Canada's senior climatologist Dave Phillips has figured out just when the worst day of the season hits Canada's major cities.

To figure out when each place reaches that mark, he used temperature data from 1981 to 2010 to determine when the lowest lows tend to happen. 

Those days with the ultra-low temperatures mark the dead of winter. 

Some regions have luckily blown past that date already. That means even if there is still snow and cold weather, they're officially in the back half of the season. 

Phillips told the CBC that after you reach that point in the year "you can say statistically there's more winter behind me than ahead of me."

For other parts of the country, they still have three weeks to go before they even reach that halfway point.

Here's when the dead of winter hits across Canada.


Victoria has theoretically already experienced the worst of it on January 2. One of the only major cities in Canada that reaches that point so early.

The city has an average high of 6.5 C and an average low of 0.2 C.


Along with Victoria, fellow B.C. city Vancouver also reaches the dead of winter on January 2. 

Despite that, an average high of 5.7 C and an average low of 0.3 C, nasty weather can still wreak havoc even after that date.


Edmonton has been home to some pretty frigid temperatures so far and some people don't mind the cold.

For those looking to see the season gone, the city's historically worst date is on January 14 so you're officially done most of winter!


Regina reaches the dead of winter pretty early too on January 13, less than a month after the season officially starts.

With average lows of -22.1 C, people will probably be glad to be over the hump.


The city of Winnipeg also experiences its worst part of the season at the same time Regina does on January 13.

Maybe 13 is a lucky number then?


Unlike major cities in western and central Canada, Toronto doesn't reach the dead of winter until January 22.

That's not the latest in the country but it's still not the best it could be.


Ottawa has an average low of -15.7 C and reaches it's midpoint on January 19.

When another snowfall hits, be sure to clear off your car or else you could get fined.

Quebec City

It can get pretty cold and snowy in Quebec City and it doesn't reach that worst part of the year until January 22.

You might have to wait a little while longer for spring.


Fredericton's historical worst day is on January 21, an entire month after the season officially arrives. 

With average lows of -15.8, people might be counting down the days until the worst of it is over.


Halifax doesn't get over the hump until pretty late, reaching the dead of winter point on February 2. 

If a warm spell happens soon, don't put away the puffy jackets just yet. There's still some rough weather waiting to come your way.


Unlike it's Atlantic Canada friend Halifax, Charlottetown reaches the worst part of the season on January 22.

That's definitely bragging rights.

St. John's

Unfortunately for St. John's, the worst part of the season doesn't hit until February 8.

There might be more intense snowstorms and blizzard conditions before the worst of it is over.


The latest dead of winter date is in Iqaluit on February 11.

With the average high only reaching -24.3 C, it's not a surprise that the season keeps its icy grip on the city for a long time.


Despite being further north, Yellowknife actually gets over the hump before most major cities including Toronto, Quebec City and St. John's. It doesn't reach that day until January 12.


Last but definitely not least, Whitehorse reaches the dead of winter on January 14, much earlier than some provincial cities and almost a month earlier than Iqaluit.

Every year is different and there are no guarantees that you won't get another nasty snowstorm, but if the historical dead of winter has already past where you are, at least there is some hope. 

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