Canada Has Over 300 Wildlife Species That Are Found Nowhere Else On The Planet
Every province and territory has unique species.
Born to be wild! Wildlife in Canada is actually really special and there are more than 300 species that are found here and nowhere else in the world. Every single province and territory has plants, animals or insects that are unique.
A new report by the Nature Conservancy of Canada and NatureServe Canada reveals that in the True North there are 308 endemic species.
That means they only exist in one geographic region.
Of those 308, there are all kinds of plants, animals and insects.
B.C. has the most of these special Canadian species with 105.
There are 57 found in Quebec, 54 in Alberta, 43 in Yukon, 40 in Newfoundland & Labrador, 36 in Saskatchewan, 32 in the Northwest Territories, 31 in Manitoba, 29 in Nunavut, 28 in both Nova Scotia and Ontario and 17 in New Brunswick.
P.E.I. has the fewest endemic species out of all the provinces and territories with just seven.
"Many of Canada's national endemic species have restricted ranges, which makes them particularly vulnerable to habitat loss, climate change and invasive species," said Patrick Henry, executive director of NatureServe Canada, in a news release.
Hotspots of where these species are found in abundance are along the water like B.C.'s coast, Atlantic Canada and the shore of Hudson Bay.
In Ontario, the eastern wolf is unique to the province with its main population centred around Algonquin Provincial Park.
The Pacific Steller's Jay is only found on Haida Gwaii in B.C. because of the area's isolation.
Saskatchewan's whooping crane is endangered and the only self-sustaining wild population nests are in Wood Buffalo National Park.
The Canadian subspecies of the American marten only lives in Newfoundland.
In Manitoba, Harris's sparrow is the only songbird that exclusively breeds in Canada.
Peary caribou that live in Nunavut are the smallest of all the caribou subspecies.
The Yukon draba white wildflower only grows in the southwestern part of the territory and is actually a relic of the land bridge that connected Russia and Yukon during the last Ice Age.
"No other nation can protect this group of all-Canadian species," said Dan Kraus, senior conservation biologist at the Nature Conservancy of Canada. "The consequence of our failure to conserve them is their extinction."
Along with having wildlife species that are only found here, Canada is also home to a bunch of spots where animals are in abundance.
There's a tiny, remote island off New Brunswick that's home toand that has more wild horses than people.