The data is in. When it comes to the job market in Canada, black people face way more challenges and are often at a disadvantage according to Statistics Canada. They also have a lower employment rate and are overqualified for jobs.

The government agency released a new study on August 13 about the socioeconomic situation black people face across the country.

It covers immigration over the last few decades, education, the labour market, employment and unemployment rates, annual wages, overqualification and the low-income status of children.

In terms of employment and unemployment, there are some stark differences.

Employment for black men declined from 2001 to 2016 especially in the third generation who saw a drop from 78% to 70% in those years.

Black immigrant women had the highest unemployment rates in the 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016 censuses at around 10% or 11%.

The study also showed that the unemployment rate among Canada's black populations was higher than the rest of the population regardless of sex or generation in those four census years.

In terms of overqualification, 25.7% of black immigrants aged 25 to 59 with a university degree earned here or abroad were working in jobs that required a high school diploma or less.

That's compared to just 10.8% of non-immigrants that aren't black.

According to the study, black men had annual wages that were $15,000 lower than other men in 2015.

That same year, second-generation black men had the lowest median wage which was $22,000 less than other second-generation men.

The wage gap between black women and other women was smaller than what was seen with men.

For Canadian-born women, annual wages for black women were about $3,500 to $7,200 lower depending on the year and their generation.

The study concluded that black people in Canada are often at a disadvantage in the job market and face a lot of challenges when it comes to employment and wages compared to the rest of the population.

It also noted there are socioeconomic differences within the black population based on things like sex and immigration.

Even among immigrants, people could face different challenges depending on what country they were born in.

There's an online directory of black-owned businesses in Canada with over 1,500 listings all over the country from big cities to small towns so you can find a bunch of different businesses to suport.

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