A new leaked report from Environment and Climate Change Canada is revealing the devastating effects that climate change is expected to have on the weather in Canada. According to the scientific report, Canada is heating up twice as fast as the rest of the world due to climate change. The warming is said to be "effectively irreversible".
If Canada continues to warm up at this rate and efforts aren't undertaken to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions being released into the atmosphere, the report says that Canadians will face "10 times as many deadly heat waves and twice as many extreme rainstorms," according to The Huffington Post.
A government source leaked scientific study Canada's Changing Climate Report today on April 1 to CBC News ahead of its scheduled release to the public tomorrow on Tuesday, April 2. The study revealed several alarming findings on the environment that directly impact Canadians.
The report found that the country is heating up two times as fast as the global average. It gets even worse in Northern Canada, where annual temperatures are warming at nearly three times the rate.
According to the study, "since 1948, Canada's annual average temperature over land has warmed 1.7 C," CBC News reports. "In Northern Canada, the annual average temperature has increased by 2.3 C."
In comparison, NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS)'s ongoing analysis has found that "the average global temperature on Earth has increased by about 0.8° Celsius (1.4° Fahrenheit) since 1880".
A one or two-degree annual temperature increase may not sound like a lot, but it can have significant impacts on the environment. "A one-degree global change is significant because it takes a vast amount of heat to warm all the oceans, atmosphere, and land by that much," says GISS.
"In the past, a one- to two-degree drop was all it took to plunge the Earth into the Little Ice Age. A five-degree drop was enough to bury a large part of North America under a towering mass of ice 20,000 years ago."
Canada's fast rate of warming is expected to bring intense, wild weather to regions across the country. For instance, Canadians living in the south of Canada will have to face more rainfall than normal during winter, according to The Huffington Post.
More precipitation could also lead to flooding risks. Not only this, but the country is also at risk of more intense heat waves, droughts, and wildfires, CBC News reports.
The report calls for efforts to reduce the impact on climate change. It says that humans play a large part in the warming temperatures in Canada. Canada's Changing Climate Report was written by government scientists with help from university experts.